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Archiving utility.
Often combined with a compression method, such as gzip or bzip.

- Create an archive from files:
tar cf target.tar file1 file2 file3

- Create a gzipped archive:
tar czf target.tar.gz file1 file2 file3

- Extract an archive in a target folder:
tar xf source.tar -C folder

- Extract a gzipped archive in the current directory:
tar xzf source.tar.gz

- Extract a bzipped archive in the current directory:
tar xjf source.tar.bz2

- Create a compressed archive, using archive suffix to determine the compression program:
tar caf target.tar.xz file1 file2 file3

- List the contents of a tar file:
tar tvf source.tar